STUDENTS MATCH WITS - CONCEPTS AND PRECEPTS
( From Grade 1)
There is one God.
God is three Persons - Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
The Trinity is the name for the three persons in one God.
Jesus is God the Son.
The human person is a creature composed of body and soul and made in the image and likeness of God.
Jesus teaches us that if we follow His example we will be happy forever in heaven. Heaven is unending happiness with God and all who love God. If we show love for God, ourselves, and others, we will be happy together in heaven when our life on earth is over.
Saints are people who have died, but while they were alive, they were great followers of Jesus. We honor the saints and pray that they will watch over us from heaven.
Mary is the mother of Jesus. From the first moment of her life, Mary was filled with grace. We call Mary our mother, too. Mary loves and cares for us in heaven. Mary is our greatest saint.
Even today, we are part of the communion of saints. The communion of saints is the community of all those living and dead, who believe in Jesus Christ. They are the Family of God. People who believe in Jesus Christ gather together as a group or community called a Church or Parish. The building they go to is also called a church.
Baptism is a sacrament of welcome into the Church. We are baptized with water. Through Baptism
we are cleansed of original sin, receive sanctifying grace, and become members of the Church or Family of God.
Worship is giving honor and praise to God. We worship God when we pray.
We pray together at church. The name of the building where we gather is Saint Margaret Mary Church or Parish. The leader of our church is the priest in charge or the pastor – Father Dolan
( From Grade 2 )
Sacraments are special celebrations of Jesus’ love for us and signs of his presence with us now.
Reconciliation means making up and being friends again.
SACRAMENT OF RECONCILIATION
The Sacrament of Reconciliation is the sacrament in which we say we are sorry for our sins and celebrate God’s forgiveness.
THERE ARE 4 PARTS TO THE SACRAMENT OF RECONCILIATION
SORROW OR CONTRITION
We feel sorrow for our sins.
We tell our sins to the priest.
The priest tells us of God’s forgiveness.
We do something good that the priest asks us to do to show God that we are sorry and want to be more caring. This is also called satisfaction.
Sin means to hurt someone on purpose or to do something we know is wrong.
We also sin when we do not do something that we know we should do.
EXAMINATION OF CONSCIENCE
Examination of Conscience is when we think about what sins we have committed.
It is when we think about what we have done that we know is wrong or things that we know are right but we chose not to do them. We should take time to examine our conscience before we talk to the priest in confession.
GRADE 2 CONCEPTS AND PRECEPTS
THE SACRAMENT OF THE EUCHARIST OR THE MASS
The Sacrament of the Eucharist or the Mass is the center of our Catholic Christian faith. It is a celebration of our unity with each other and the risen Christ. It represents thanksgiving, sacrifice, community, peace and service.
THE TWO MAIN PARTS OF THE MASS
The Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist are the two main parts of the Mass.
THE LITURGY OF THE WORD
During the Liturgy of the Word we listen to readings from the Bible. The most important reading is the gospel. It tells the story of Jesus’ life and teachings. Then the priest or deacon helps to understand what the readings mean. We call his talk the homily. We are reminded that our Church is a Community of people who hear God’s words and follow them.
THE LITURGY OF THE EUCHARIST
During the second part of the Mass, the Liturgy of the Eucharist, the priest holds the bread and the wine and says the words of consecration to change them into the body and blood of Jesus. These are the words Jesus used at the Last Supper that He shared with his disciples. The bread and wine look the same, but they become a holy meal that provides spiritual food for us.
As we prepare to receive the Eucharist, or Holy Communion, we say prayers of thanksgiving for the sacrifice that Jesus made for us when he died on the cross for the forgiveness of our sins.
When we receive Communion we remember how Jesus rose from the dead and we celebrate together as a community our peace of heart and new life as His followers.
Then we are asked to go and to love and serve other people just like Jesus did. This is the New Covenant in which we join together to follow as believers in Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
( From Grade 3)
The Blessed Trinity
We believe that there is one God in three persons, whom we call the Blessed Trinity – God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. God is all-mighty, all-good, all-holy and all-knowing. God is always just and merciful.
God the Father
God the Father created all things out of love. We share the gift of God’s life and love. Catholics call this sharing in God’s life grace. With grace, we help God care for the world.
God the Son: Jesus
Jesus, God’s own Son, is the second Person of the Blessed Trinity. Jesus is both God and man. Jesus is human like us in all things but sin. God sent Jesus to us to show us how to live. Jesus taught us about God’s love. Jesus gave his life for us. Jesus died on the cross and rose from the dead. Jesus is our Savior.
He saves us from sin and brings us new life. Jesus sent the Holy Spirit to help us live our new life.
God the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is the third Person of the Blessed Trinity. The Holy Spirit is our helper and guide. The Spirit helps us live as followers of Jesus. The Holy Spirit came on Pentecost. The Holy Spirit gave the disciples the courage to share the good news of Jesus. The Holy Spirit is with the Church today, helping us to be a sign of Jesus. We receive the Holy Spirit especially at Baptism and at Confirmation.
Catholics are followers of Jesus who spread God’s word, worship God, celebrate the sacraments, and serve those in need. The pope is the leader of the Catholic Church throughout the world. We call the pope our Holy Father or His Holiness. Bishops or Archbishops are referred to as Most Reverend. They help the pope lead the Church in regions called dioceses or archdioceses. We are in the Archdiocese of Hartford.
The Church Year
The church year begins at Advent. It is a time of preparation for Christmas when we celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. The most important feast in the church year is Easter in honor of the resurrection. That is when Jesus rose from the dead. The forty days of preparation before Easter is called Lent. The Triduum is the name of the three days of celebration when we remember how Jesus suffered, died and rose from the dead.
Day 1. Holy Thursday …The Last Supper.
Day 2. Good Friday … Jesus died on the cross
Day 3. Easter … Jesus came back to life.
During the rest of the year we study all of the important things that Jesus taught us. This is called Ordinary Time.
From GRADE 4
Jesus taught that it is important to obey the Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments guide us in living as people of God.
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
I, the Lord, am your God. You shall not have other gods besides me.
You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain.
Remember to keep holy the Sabbath day.
Honor your father and mother.
You shall not kill.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife.
You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbor.
Jesus summed up the Ten Commandments in the Great Commandment, which teaches us that God’s laws are based on love of God and love of neighbor.
THE GREAT COMMANDMENT
“You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your being, with all your strength, and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself” (Luke 10:27).
Jesus’ love is the perfect example of how to live. Our love for each other is a sign of Jesus’ love.
THE NEW COMMANDMENT
“This is my commandment: love one another as I love you”(John 15:12).
The beatitudes are Jesus’ teachings on how to find everlasting happiness. They teach us to love God and others, and promise us a place in the kingdom of heaven. Christians believe that they will be happy forever if they live the Beatitudes.
Happy are the poor in spirit. The reign of God is theirs.
Happy are the sorrowing. They will be comforted.
Happy are the gentle. They will receive all that God has promised.
Happy are those who hunger and thirst for justice. They will be satisfied.
Happy are those who show mercy to others. They will receive mercy.
Happy are the single-hearted. They will see God.
Happy are the peacemakers. They will be called the children of God.
Happy are those who are treated unfairly for doing what is right. The reign of God is theirs.
The sacraments are sacred signs that celebrate God’s love for us and Jesus’ presence in our lives and in the Church.
There are 7 sacraments:
- Baptism 2. Confirmation 3. Eucharist 4. Reconciliation
- Anointing of the Sick 6. Matrimony 7. Holy Orders
Through the sacraments we are united with Jesus and share in God’s life. Sharing in God’s life is called grace.
THE SACRAMENTS OF INITIATION
We become full members of the church through the 3 sacraments of initiation:
- Baptism 2. Confirmation 3. Eucharist
Baptism welcomes us into the Christian Community, frees us from original sin, and unites us with Jesus.
Confirmation strengthens the new life we received at Baptism and makes us living witnesses of Jesus in the world.
Eucharist celebrates the real presence of Jesus’ Body and Blood under the appearances of bread and wine. During the celebration the priest says the words of consecration over the bread and wine, which becomes the Body and Blood of Christ.
THE SACRAMENTS OF HEALING
The two sacraments of healing celebrate Jesus’ forgiveness and healing:
- Reconciliation 2. Anointing of the Sick
Reconciliation celebrates God’s healing and forgiveness of our sins.
Anointing of the Sick brings Jesus’ healing, comfort, and strength to those who are seriously ill, elderly, or in danger of death.
THE SACRAMENTS OF COMMITMENT OR VOCATION
In the two sacraments of commitment, the Church celebrates two special ways that adults serve others by sharing their gifts:
- Matrimony 2. Holy Orders
Matrimony celebrates the permanent and lifelong love of a man and woman for each other. During the celebration the bride and groom exchange marriage vows, promising always to be faithful to each other.
Holy Orders ordains men to serve the Church as bishops, priests, or deacons.
MORE ABOUT THE EUCHARIST
The Eucharist is the central celebration of the Church and our greatest act of worship. Jesus taught that he is the Bread of Life. He promised to give his followers his Body and Blood so that they could live forever. Jesus fulfilled this promise at the Last Supper on the night before he died.
The Eucharist makes present Jesus’ sacrificial death on the cross and his resurrection from the dead. The word Eucharist means “thanksgiving.” During the Mass we praise and thank God for all our gifts, especially the gift of God’s Son, Jesus.
Jesus is truly present in the Eucharist. The Eucharist still has the appearance of ordinary bread and wine, but, through the power of the Holy Spirit, they become Jesus’ Body and Blood.
The Eucharist unites us with Jesus and the Church community. Jesus is also present in the people gathered to celebrate the Eucharist, in the word proclaimed, and in the priest who presides.
PRAYERS TO KNOW – Sign of The Cross
The Lords’ Prayer
Act of Contrition
Glory Be To God
ORDAINED LEADERS OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
AS OF JANUARY 2014
Pastor of St. Margaret Mary Church Reverend Michael J. Dolan
South Windsor, Connecticut, USA Fr. Dolan
Deacon of St. Margaret Mary Church Deacon Michael Haines
South Windsor, Connecticut, USA Deacon Haines
Archbishop of Hartford The Most Reverend Leonard P. Blair
Hartford, Connecticut, USA Your Excellency Archbishop Blair
Auxiliary Bishop of Hartford The Most Reverend Christie A. Macaluso
Hartford, Connecticut, USA Your Excellency Bishop Macaluso
Pope His Holiness Pope Francis
Rome, Italy Holy Father Pope Francis